(Français) Cérémonie de lancement de la publication
Publication launching Ceremony
“Voices From African Artisanal Fisheries : Call for an African Year of Artisanal Fishery”
Held at Cercle Mess of Officiers-Dakar (March 10th 2016)
The African Confederation of Artisanal Fisheries Professional Organizations (CAOPA) introduced to the African Union, a request to declare the year 2017 « African Year of Artisanal Fisheries ».. From this perspective a series of activities were organized to support this event. These are relating to the development of advocacy documents to justify the opportunity as well as a program of activities and a related roadmap in case the request is adopted.
Discussions were held with the West African Countries authorities, with partners who are committed to CAOPA for the success of this initiative. It is in this context that series of reporting activities were conducted by the CAOPA and the REJOPRAO to produce a report with the collaboration of Mediaprod that has benefited from the support of the Swedish society for the Conservation of Nature (SSNC) and CAPE (Coalition for equitable fisheries agreements).
The authors of the report met with the various actors of the artisanal fisheries between September 2014 and November 2015 in six countries: the Tunisia, Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Ghana and Togo. It was all about giving the floor to these players during field visits (exchanges in groups, individual interviews and documentary research) then honesty to describe situations in which small-scale fisheries actors exercise their activities and the challenges they face.
This 63-page publication has been subject to a presentation at the ceremony held in Dakar on March 10, 2016.
Unfolding of the Opening Ceremony :
The ceremony was held in the building of Cercle Mess of Officers in Dakar at 4 pm, under the chairmanship of Dr. Mamadou Goudiaby the Director of Marine fisheries, in the presence of representatives from the Swedish Parliament, SSNC, UNIDO, the NGO bread for the world, the President the CAOPA and many guests (see attached the list ). In opening remarks, the authorities have all congratulated CAOPA for this initiative: they invited him to rely on this evidence to strengthen the advocacy with national and international institutions, to raise awareness among actors, organizations and partners to make the request made to the African Union to declare an African Year of Artisanal Fisheries a success.
Presentation of the Publication:
It has been carried out by Alassane Samba (moderator) and Gaoussou Guèye (Secretary General of CAOPA).
They focused on the fact that all the African countries are living serious threats on the future of the artisanal fisheries. This is has been illustrated by (the following Titles):
– In Tunisia where the artisanal Fishery is on the run of its spring (revolution);
– In Mauritania where we are awaiting a revolution (Change in the management system) by fish?;
– In Senegal where the artisanal fishery is in crisis;
– In Guinea Bissau where Peace has come-back without fish;
– In Ghana where it Great adventure (In chaos);
– In Togo where the artisanal fishing folks Crying out their despair.
Suite à ces différentes présentations insistant sur les difficultés rencontrées par les acteurs, la CAOPA dégage des conclusions et adresse des demandes aux Etats selon les questions suivantes :
Following these different presentations focusing on the difficulties encountered by the actors, CAOPA accepts the conclusions and sends requests to States according to the following questions:
- Lack of reliable data: The contribution of the artisanal fishing sector remains invisible, the data and statistics are unreliable or non-existent.
CAOPA requests that collection and analysis relevant methods to be designed to collect and process data on the environmental, social and economic aspects of the African small-scale fishing sector and make sure that human resources and sufficient financial are allocated to this task.
- Incursions of trawlers within artisanal fishing zone : We notice that here is frequent incursions of trawlers in the coastal area where small-scale fisher folks operate : destruction of artisanal fishing gear, injuring fishermen, overexploitation of fisheries resources in the coastal zone
CAOPA requested that African States put in place fishing zones exclusively reserved for artisanal fishing sector, which is proportional to the fishing capacity of the sector: so what can sustainably be caught by small-scale fishermen must be left to them. States must ensure that these areas are protected against incursions of trawlers, and that any incursion into these areas by a trawler be duly punished.
Threats: Pollution, uncontrolled industrial development. Coastal pollution resulting from industrial activities or household waste and uncontrolled industrial development in coastal areas (factories of fishmeal, chemical plants) are threatening fishing communities.
CAOPA requested that any policy or initiative affecting areas or resources on which the small scale fishing communities rely for their livelihood , the impacts on the activities of artisanal fishery and coastal ecosystems to be examined and taken into account before the adoption of such policies or initiatives.
- The fishing communities are showing the path to take There is a spirit of considerable innovation within the artisanal fishing communities, in particular at the level of women, to implement and test appropriate solutions to improve the working and living conditions within their communities.
CAOPA advocates that the innovative actions implemented by the small-scale fishing communities to be endorsed by relevant policies in social matters, access to credit, education and training, etc.., with particular attention to women who work in small-scale fisheries.
- Call for an African Year of Artisanal Fishery
This request is made to our Governments and the African Union that have the ability and opportunity, through the reform strategy of fisheries and aquaculture policies to create a favorable environment for the sustainable development of artisanal fishing communities in Africa.
This process must be informed by the FAO guidelines for sustainable artisanal fisheries, and appropriate consultation with the direct participation of African fishing communities.
To promote this approach => to declare => AN AFRICAN YEAR OF ARTISANAL FISHERY
Summary of inputs:
Following this presentation, participants at the ceremony welcomed and encouraged CAOPA for this concrete action by making the voice of the artisanal fisheries’ actors heard facing multiple crises. Actions of this magnitude should be strengthened with also the participation of stakeholders in industrial fisheries which are affected by these challenges.
This strengthening must rely on the search for synergies with other programs involved in the sector, on the use of audiovisual means and the translation of documents in the national languages of concerned countries. In this context, partners such as the SSNC and the Federation of Senegalese Journalists (member of the REJOPRAO) have renewed their availability for the success of sensitization campaigns.
At the end of the session, CAOPA recalled and expressed all his satisfaction with the support received for the success of the initiative of the “African year of the artisanal fishery ‘, in 2015, the WFO in Agadir (18 countries represented) and in 2016 at women International day Celebration in Nouakchott (46 countries) were present.
CAOPA thanked its partners and all participants for their contributions: It committed itself to enhancing actions and to contribute to the enlargement of the Committee for the preparation of the African year of A.F by 2016. In this context, the same activities of reporting must be initiated in other African countries, especially from the bottom of the Gulf of Guinea, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean.
To conclude the CAOPA Chairperson declared close the Publication Launching Ceremony.